L impossible dialogue Sciences et religions
Le 5 mars 1616, un décret de la Congrégation de l’Index annonçait officiellement la condamnation des idées de Copernic sur le mouvement de la Terre. Cette censure ecclésiastique est devenue l’emblème d’une négation de l’autonomie de la recherche scientifique par les dogmes religieux. Aujourd’hui, la question des relations entre sciences et religions et des appels au « dialogue » entre ces deux domaines pourtant si éloignés par leurs objets et leurs méthodes refait surface. Le thème du conflit a dominé les débats qui ont opposé depuis le XVIIe siècle les savants aux autorités religieuses sur des questions d’astronomie, de géologie, d’histoire naturelle ou sur l’origine de l’homme et des religions. Cet essai prend le contre-pied du courant actuellement dominant chez les historiens des sciences qui minimise les conflits les plus connus entre sciences et religions et propose une version œcuménique et édulcorée de l’histoire des rapports entre deux institutions, dont chacune tente d’imposer sa vision du monde, l’une fondée sur la nature, l’autre sur le surnaturel.
Science and Religion
Today we hear renewed calls for a dialogue between science and religion: why has the old question of the relations between science and religion now returned to the public domain and what is at stake in this debate? To answer these questions, historian and sociologist of science Yves Gingras retraces the long history of the troubled relationship between science and religion, from the condemnation of Galileo for heresy in 1633 until his rehabilitation by John Paul II in 1992. He reconstructs the process of the gradual separation of science from theology and religion, showing how God and natural theology became marginalized in the scientific field in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In contrast to the dominant trend among historians of science, Gingras argues that science and religion are social institutions that give rise to incompatible ways of knowing, rooted in different methodologies and forms of knowledge, and that there never was, and cannot be, a genuine dialogue between them. Wide-ranging and authoritative, this new book on one of the fundamental questions of Western thought will be of great interest to students and scholars of the history of science and of religion as well as to general readers who are intrigued by the new and much-publicized conversations about the alleged links between science and religion.
Gravity s Shadow
According to the theory of relativity, we are constantly bathed in gravitational radiation. When stars explode or collide, a portion of their mass becomes energy that disturbs the very fabric of the space-time continuum like ripples in a pond. But proving the existence of these waves has been difficult; the cosmic shudders are so weak that only the most sensitive instruments can be expected to observe them directly. Fifteen times during the last thirty years scientists have claimed to have detected gravitational waves, but so far none of those claims have survived the scrutiny of the scientific community. Gravity's Shadow chronicles the forty-year effort to detect gravitational waves, while exploring the meaning of scientific knowledge and the nature of expertise. Gravitational wave detection involves recording the collisions, explosions, and trembling of stars and black holes by evaluating the smallest changes ever measured. Because gravitational waves are so faint, their detection will come not in an exuberant moment of discovery but through a chain of inference; for forty years, scientists have debated whether there is anything to detect and whether it has yet been detected. Sociologist Harry Collins has been tracking the progress of this research since 1972, interviewing key scientists and delineating the social process of the science of gravitational waves. Engagingly written and authoritatively comprehensive, Gravity's Shadow explores the people, institutions, and government organizations involved in the detection of gravitational waves. This sociological history will prove essential not only to sociologists and historians of science but to scientists themselves.
Histoire et religions l impossible dialogue
Les monothéismes forment des systèmes complets d'interprétation du monde. L'Histoire, science humaine, suscite un véritable engouement dans nos sociétés, devenant un enjeu politique et identitaire crucial. Ces deux grilles de lecture, qui décryptent différemment le "même monde", sont-elles inconciliables ou complémentaires ? Constituent-elles les deux faces d'une même mémoire ? Quels sont les enjeux pour l'enseignement confessionnel et pour celui du fait religieux ?
Retrying Galileo 1633 1992
In 1633, at the end of one of the most famous trials in history, the Inquisition condemned Galileo for contending that the Earth moves and that the Bible is not a scientific authority. Galileo's condemnation set off a controversy that has acquired a fascinating life of its own and that continues to this day. This absorbing book is the first to examine the entire span of the Galileo affair from his condemnation to his alleged rehabilitation by the Pope in 1992. Filled with primary sources, many translated into English for the first time, Retrying Galileo will acquaint readers with the historical facts of the trial, its aftermath and repercussions, the rich variety of reflections on it throughout history, and the main issues it raises.
Pascal's ambitious apologia for Christianity was curtailed by his untimely death. Fragments published posthumously in 1670 as Pensées remain a vital part of religious and philosophical literature.
Islam and the Future of Tolerance
In this dialogue between a famous atheist and a former radical, Sam Harris and Maajid Nawaz invite you to join an urgently needed conversation: Is Islam a religion of peace or war? Is it amenable to reform? Why do so many Muslims seem drawn to extremism? The authors demonstrate how two people with very different views can find common ground.
Philosophy in a Time of Terror
"In her introduction, Borradori contends that philosophy has an invaluable contribution to make to the understanding of terrorism. Just as the traumas produced by colonialism, totalitarianism, and the Holocaust wrote the history of the twentieth century, the history of the twenty-first century is already signed by global terrorism. Each dialogue here, accompanied by a critical essay, recognizes the magnitude of this upcoming challenge. Characteristically, Habermas's dialogue is dense, compact, and elegantly traditional. Derrida's, on the other hand, takes the reader on a long, winding, and unpredictable road. Yet unexpected agreements emerge between them: both have a deep suspicion of the concept of "terrorism" and both see the need for a transition from classical international law, premised on the model of nation-states, to a new cosmopolitan order based on continental alliances.".