L ab me carc ral
Saviez-vous qu’il existe, dans chaque prison, une pièce où l’on sanctionne les détenus qui commettent des fautes pendant leur incarcération ? Les commissions de discipline, où siègent surveillants et directeurs de la pénitentiaire, en présence d’avocats, sont le dernier bastion encore inconnu du grand public. Depuis 2011, un « citoyen-assesseur », issu de la société civile, y participe et, pour la première fois, l’un d’eux témoigne. Hélène Erlingsen-Creste nous raconte comment les détenus se défendent, tout en parlant de leur quotidien. Le constat est accablant : certains préfèrent aller au mitard que de vivre confinés dans des cellules d’un autre siècle, surpeuplées, où ils peuvent se faire racketter ou frapper par leurs codétenus. Un monde de violence mais aussi d’espoir : ces hommes et ces femmes rêvent d’une autre vie, loin de la prison. Aujourd’hui, plus que jamais, une réforme des conditions de détention s’impose et ce livre en expose l’urgence. Hélène Erlingsen-Creste, docteur en sciences politiques, est diplômée de la session nationale de IHESI (Institut des hautes études de la sécurité intérieure). Depuis 2012, elle est assesseur en commission de discipline à la maison d’arrêt d’Agen. Elle est l’auteure de Soldats perdus, de l’Indochine à l’Algérie,dans la tourmente des guerres coloniales (Bayard, 2007) et de Nos pères ennemis (Privat 2012). Tous ses droits d’auteur seront entièrement reversés à des associations caritatives.
Biographical note: Sascha Bru, Genth University, Belgium; Peter Nicholls, University of Sussex, UK.
Panorama of French life exhibiting the fabric of civilization in all details and containing as a major episode the great tale of Jean Valjean, reformed criminal.
The Picture of Dorian Gray
A young man strikes a Faustian bargain in which his appearance remains unchanged while his portrait ages. This splendid hardcover volume features 12 evocative black-and-white illustrations by British artist Henry Keen.
On the Normal and the Pathological
by MICHEL FOUCAULT Everyone knows that in France there are few logicians but many historians of science; and that in the 'philosophical establishment' - whether teaching or research oriented - they have occupied a considerable position. But do we know precisely the importance that, in the course of these past fifteen or twenty years, up to the very frontiers of the establishment, a 'work' like that of Georges Canguilhem can have had for those very people who were separ ated from, or challenged, the establishment? Yes, I know, there have been noisier theatres: psychoanalysis, Marxism, linguistics, ethnology. But let us not forget this fact which depends, as you will, on the sociology of French intellectual environments, the functioning of our university institutions or our system of cultural values: in all the political or scientific discussions of these strange sixty years past, the role of the 'philosophers' - I simply mean those who had received their university training in philosophy department- has been important: perhaps too important for the liking of certain people. And, directly or indirectly, all or almost all these philosophers have had to 'come to terms with' the teaching and books of Georges Canguilhem. From this, a paradox: this man, whose work is austere, intentionally and carefully limited to a particular domain in the history of science, which in any case does not pass for a spectacular discipline, has somehow found him self present in discussions where he himself took care never to figure.
Coup de Grace
Set in the Baltic provinces in the aftermath of World War I, Coup de Grace tells the story of an intimacy that grows between three young people hemmed in by civil war: Erick, a Prussian fighting with the White Russians against the Bolsheviks; Conrad, his best friend from childhood; and Sophie, whose unrequited love for Conrad becomes an unbearable burden.
The Fragmentation of Afghanistan
This monumental book examines Afghan society in conflict, from the 1978 communist coup to the fall of Najibullah, the last Soviet-installed president, in 1992. This edition, newly revised by the author, reflects developments since then and includes material on the Taliban and Osama bin Laden. It is a book that now seems remarkably prescient. Drawing on two decades of research, Barnett R. Rubin, a leading expert on Afghanistan, provides a fascinating account of the nature of the old regime, the rise and fall of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, and the troubled Mujahidin resistance. He relates all these phenomena to international actors, showing how the interaction of U.S. policy and Pakistani and Saudi Arabian interests has helped to create the challenges of today. Rubin puts into context the continuing turmoil in Afghanistan and offers readers a coherent historical explanation for the country's social and political fragmentation.
Genet's sensual and brutal portrait of World War II unfolds between the poles of his grief for his lover Jean, killed in the Resistance during the liberation of Paris, and his perverse attraction to the collaborator Riton. Elegaic, macabre, chimerical, Funeral Rites is a dark meditation on the mirror images of love and hate, sex and death.
Generals Die In Bed
Drawing on his own experiences in the First World War, Charles Yale Harrison tells a stark and poignant story of a young man sent to fight on the Western Front. It is an unimaginably harrowing journey, especially for one not yet old enough to vote. In sparse but gripping prose, Harrison conveys a sense of the horror of life in the trenches. Here is where soldiers fight and die, entombed in mud, surrounded by rats and lice, forced to survive on insufficient rations. Harrison captures the only kind of humour possible under the circumstances of life on the Western Front - dark and sardonic, a mingling of comedy and horror.
From the author of 1491—the best-selling study of the pre-Columbian Americas—a deeply engaging new history of the most momentous biological event since the death of the dinosaurs. More than 200 million years ago, geological forces split apart the continents. Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. When Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, he ended that separation at a stroke. Driven by the economic goal of establishing trade with China, he accidentally set off an ecological convulsion as European vessels carried thousands of species to new homes across the oceans. The Columbian Exchange, as researchers call it, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, oranges in Florida, chocolates in Switzerland, and chili peppers in Thailand. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. Earthworms, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, dandelions, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, and viruses; rats of every description—all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, changing lives and landscapes across the planet. Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. In Manila, a city Legazpi founded, silver from the Americas, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange. Much as Columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically. As Charles C. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Presenting the latest research by ecologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann shows how the creation of this worldwide network of ecological and economic exchange fostered the rise of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for two centuries made Mexico City—where Asia, Europe, and the new frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted—the center of the world. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today’s fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars. In 1493, Charles Mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination. From the Hardcover edition.