Comment J sus est devenu Dieu
« Pour vous qui suis-je ? » Cette interrogation de Jésus à ses disciples n’a rien perdu de sa force. Les Evangiles laissent planer un doute sur l’identité de cet homme hors du commun : est-il un prophète ? le Messie attendu par les juifs ? le Fils de Dieu ? De nos jours, le christianisme est pourtant la seule religion qui affirme que son fondateur est à la fois homme et Dieu. Comment les chrétiens des premiers siècles ont-ils progressivement été amenés à affirmer la divinité de Jésus alors que lui-même ne s’est jamais identifié à Dieu ? Comment, à l’issue de débats passionnés, furent élaborés les dogmes de la Sainte Trinité et de l’Incarnation ? Quels autres regards ont été rejetés comme « hérétiques » lors de ces virulentes joutes théologiques qui ont coûté la vie à certains ? Quel a été le rôle du pouvoir politique dans l’élaboration du credo chrétien à partir du IVe siècle et de la conversion de l’empereur Constantin ? Ecrit comme un récit, cet ouvrage captivant permet de comprendre la naissance du christianisme ainsi que les fondements de la foi chrétienne et pose avec acuité la question centrale : qui est Jésus ? Philosophe, Frédéric Lenoir est aussi directeur du Monde des religions et producteur de l’émission « Les racines du ciel » sur France Culture. Il a écrit de nombreux ouvrages sur la religion, dont La Rencontre du bouddhisme et de l’Occident (Fayard, 1999), Le Christ philosophe (Plon, 2007), Socrate, Jésus, Bouddha (Fayard, 2009). Il est également l’auteur de romans historiques traduits en vingt-cinq langues, tel L’Oracle della Luna (Albin Michel, 2006), ainsi que de la pièce de théâtre Bonté divine !
The Life of Jesus
Ernest Renan A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de The Life of Jesus Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
The Son of God
This work significantly advances the critical discussion of New Testament Christology. Hengel examines the titles Son and God. He points toward an inner consistency and dynamic in the development of the doctrine of Christ in primitive Christianity as the movement proceeded from the Gospels' account of the death of Jesus to the high Christology present in the Pauline writings. Historical scholarship and theological -- one might even say dogmatic -- questions must not stand in unresolved contradiction. On the contrary, the historian misunderstands the nature of New Testament Christology if he does not grasp its theological concern and its inner consistency, while a dogmatic approach that does not take seriously the historical course of Christianity is in danger of becoming no more than abstract speculation. It is therefore vitally important to unite historical research and the theological search for truth.
When Jesus Became God
The story of Jesus is well known, as is the story of Christian persecutions during the Roman Empire. The history of fervent debate, civil strife, and bloody riots within the Christian community as it was coming into being, however, is a side of ancient history rarely described. Richard E. Rubenstein takes the reader to the streets of the Roman Empire during the fourth century, when a fateful debate over the divinity of Jesus Christ is being fought. Ruled by a Christian emperor, followers of Jesus no longer fear for the survival of their monotheistic faith but break into two camps regarding the direction of their worship. Is Jesus the son of God and therefore not the same as God? Or is Jesus precisely God on earth and therefore equal to Him? The vicious debate is led by two charismatic priests. Arius, an Alexandrian priest and poet, preaches that Jesus, though holy, is less than God. Athanasius, a brilliant and violent bishop, sees any diminution of Jesus' godhead as the work of the devil. Between them stands Alexander, the powerful Bishop of Alexandria, who must find a resolution that will keep the empire united and the Christian faith alive. With thorough historical, religious, and social research, Rubenstein vividly recreates one of the most critical moments in the history of religion.
The Jesus Dynasty
Based on a careful analysis of the earliest Christian documents and recent archaeological discoveries, The Jesus Dynasty offers a bold new interpretation of the life of Jesus and the origins of Christianity. The story is surprising, controversial, and exciting as only a long-lost history can be when it is at last recovered. In The Jesus Dynasty, biblical scholar James Tabor brings us closer than ever to the historical Jesus. Jesus, as we know, was the son of Mary, a young woman who became pregnant before her marriage to a man named Joseph. The gospels tell us that Jesus had four brothers and two sisters, all of whom probably had a different father than his. He joined a messianic movement begun by his relative John the Baptizer, whom he regarded as his teacher and a great prophet. John and Jesus together filled the roles of the Two Messiahs who were expected at the time: John, as a priestly descendant of Aaron, and Jesus, as a royal descendant of David. Together they preached the coming of the Kingdom of God. Theirs was an apocalyptic movement that expected God to establish his kingdom on earth, as described by the Prophets. The Two Messiahs lived in a time of turmoil as the historical land of Israel was dominated by the powerful Roman Empire. Fierce Jewish rebellions against Rome occurred during Jesus' lifetime. John and Jesus preached adherence to the Torah, or the Jewish Law. But their mission was changed dramatically when John was arrested and then killed. After a period of uncertainty, Jesus began preaching anew in Galilee and challenged the Roman authorities and their Jewish collaborators in Jerusalem. He appointed a Council of Twelve to rule over the twelve tribes of Israel, and among the Twelve he included his four brothers. After Jesus was crucified by the Romans, his brother James -- the "Beloved Disciple" -- took over leadership of the Jesus dynasty. James, like John and Jesus before him, saw himself as a faithful Jew. None of them believed that their movement was a new religion. It was Paul who transformed Jesus and his message through his ministry to the Gentiles. Breaking with James and the followers of Jesus in Jerusalem, Paul preached a message based on his own revelations, which would become Christianity. Jesus became a figure whose humanity was obscured; John became merely a forerunner of Jesus; and James and the others were all but forgotten. James Tabor has studied the earliest surviving documents of Christianity for more than thirty years and has participated in important archaeological excavations in Israel. Drawing on this background, Tabor reconstructs for us the movement that sought the spiritual, social, and political redemption of the Jews, a movement led by one family. The Jesus Dynasty offers an alternative version of Christian origins, one that takes us closer than ever to Jesus and his family and followers. This is a book that will change our understanding of one of the most crucial moments in history.
Pascal's ambitious apologia for Christianity was curtailed by his untimely death. Fragments published posthumously in 1670 as Pensées remain a vital part of religious and philosophical literature.
In the Light of Truth
Written between the years 1923 and 1938, this collection of 168 essays addresses all the spheres of life, from science and nature to the arts, society and economics, sex and sexuality, the family, women's issues, religion, race, and God.
Why Oh Why My God
When Abbé Pierre of the Emmaus communities died at the age 94 on 22 January 2007, the BBC hailed him as "France's leading champion of the destitute and homeless". In his final book, "Why, oh why, my God?" Abbé Pierre reflected on his life, faith, vocation and continuing commitment to serving the worlds' poor. He also offered insights into today's most pressing religious and social issues. In conversation with Frédéric Lenoir in 2004-2005, the abbé took up his long-term reflection on original sin, evil, and the meaning of life. Despite his age and bad health, he was obsessed by many fundamental questions. Frédéric Lenoir proposed to note down the fruits of their discussions and over a period of about a year, meeting almost weekly, this small book was born. This book is neither a treatise nor a statement but rather a series of brief meditations on Christian faith and the sense of human life. Not only does it touch on fundamental points of Christian doctrine, but also on intimate and burning topical subjects such as sexuality and the marriage of priests, the place of women in the church, parenting by same sex partners and the election of a new pope. Far from being stilted religious propaganda, this meditations represent the essential spiritual and theological preoccupations of the founder of Emmaus community -- and can be seen as his spiritual testament.
Histoire g n rale des auteurs sacr s et ecclesiastiques
Remy Ceillier (O.S.B.) A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Histoire g n rale des auteurs sacr s et ecclesiastiques Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.