Beyond Nature and Culture

Titre : Beyond Nature and Culture
Auteur : Philippe Descola
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 9780226145006
Libération : 2013-08-01

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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.

Beyond Nature and Culture

Titre : Beyond Nature and Culture
Auteur : Philippe Descola
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 022621236X
Libération : 2014-10-22

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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.

Beyond Nature and Culture

Titre : Beyond Nature and Culture
Auteur : Philippe Descola
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 0226144453
Libération : 2013-06-01

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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.

Beyond Human Nature

Titre : Beyond Human Nature
Auteur : Jesse J. Prinz
Éditeur : Penguin UK
ISBN-13 : 9781846145728
Libération : 2012-01-26

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In this provocative, revelatory tour de force, Jesse Prinz reveals how the cultures we live in - not biology - determine how we think and feel. He examines all aspects of our behaviour, looking at everything from our intellects and emotions, to love and sex, morality and even madness. This book seeks to go beyond traditional debates of nature and nurture. He is not interested in finding universal laws but, rather, in understanding, explaining and celebrating our differences. Why do people raised in Western countries tend to see the trees before the forest, while people from East Asia see the forest before the trees? Why, in South East Asia, is there a common form of mental illness, unheard of in the West, in which people go into a trancelike state after being startled? Compared to Northerners, why are people in the American South more than twice as likely to kill someone over an argument? And, above all, just how malleable are we? Prinz shows that the vast diversity of our behaviour is not engrained. He picks up where biological explanations leave off. He tells us the human story.

Genetic Nature culture

Titre : Genetic Nature culture
Auteur : Alan H. Goodman
Éditeur : Univ of California Press
ISBN-13 : 0520237935
Libération : 2003

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"Genetic Nature/Culture presents an engaging, intelligent, and, above all, necessary conversation within and beyond anthropology. These essays, diverse yet always mutually engaged, move past often-assumed intellectual boundaries in innovative and principled ways. They simultaneously shape, map, and challenge our understandings of the complex common ground on which genetics, culture, and history intersect--and, in so doing, help point toward a critical role for anthropology, now and in the future."--Don Brenneis, Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz "The editors have carefully and coherently organized the book to shed light on the complex interplay of biology, culture, ideology and myth--on the 'tangled politics' of nature and culture in the increasingly contentious age of genetics."--Dorothy Nelkin, author (with Suzanne Anker) of The Molecular Gaze: Art in the Genetic Age

Living and Working with the New Medical Technologies

Titre : Living and Working with the New Medical Technologies
Auteur : Margaret Lock
Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN-13 : 0521655684
Libération : 2000-07-31

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Interdisciplinary collection of essays on the influence and development of new medical technologies.

Complexities

Titre : Complexities
Auteur : Susan McKinnon
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 0226500241
Libération : 2005-06-01

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Recent years have seen a growing impetus to explain social life almost exclusively in biological and mechanistic terms, and to dismiss cultural meaning and difference. Daily we read assertions that everything from disease to morality—not to mention the presumed characteristics of race, gender, and sexuality—can be explained by reference primarily to genetics and our evolutionary past. Complexities mobilizes experts from several fields of anthropology—cultural , archaeological, linguistic, and biological—to offer a compelling challenge to the resurgence of reductive theories of human biological and social life. This book presents evidence to contest such theories and to provide a multifaceted account of the complexity and variability of the human condition. Charting a course that moves beyond any simple opposition between nature and nurture, Complexities argues that a nonreductive perspective has important implications for how we understand and develop human potential.

Biosocial Becomings

Titre : Biosocial Becomings
Auteur : Tim Ingold
Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN-13 : 9781107025639
Libération : 2013-06-13

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Going beyond the division of nature and society, this unique book explores human life as a process of biosocial becoming.

Tahiti Beyond the Postcard

Titre : Tahiti Beyond the Postcard
Auteur : Miriam Kahn
Éditeur : University of Washington Press
ISBN-13 : 9780295991023
Libération : 2011

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Tahiti evokes visions of white beaches and beautiful women. This imagined paradise, created by Euro-American romanticism, endures today as the bedrock of Tahiti's tourism industry, while quite a different place is inhabited and experienced by ta'ata ma'ohi, as Tahitians refer to themselves. This book brings into dialogue the perspectives on place of both Tahitians and Europeans. Miriam Kahn is professor of anthropology at the University of Washington and author of Always Hungry, Never Greedy.

Phenotypic Plasticity

Titre : Phenotypic Plasticity
Auteur : Massimo Pigliucci
Éditeur : JHU Press
ISBN-13 : 0801867886
Libération : 2001-07-17

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"The most comprehensive book on this topic. It provides both a solid basis for understanding the subject and an inspiring synthesis of the current state of the discipline." -- Nature